Apertures Overview
Cleaning Overview
Vacuum Evaporation Supplies

Platinum Flamers for Aperture Cleaning,
Metal Boats for Aperture Cleaning & Evaporation

[Platinum Gauze Flamer] [Molybdenum, Platinum, Tantalum Boats]

Characteristics & Cleaning of Apertures

Platinum Melting Point: 1768°C (3214.4°F)
Molybdenum Melting Point: 2610°C (4730°F)
Tungsten Melting Point: 3422°C (6191.6°F)

Aperture contamination occurs when it is exposed to the electron beam, in which case regular cleaning or replacement is required. The smaller the hole, the more quickly contamination builds up and astigmatism increases. Dirty aperture systems make alignment difficult due to beam deflection caused by dirt charging up.

Platinum/Iridium apertures may be cleaned by flaming them and applying temperature where the aperture does not exceed a color of cherry-red (not white-heat). Bunsen burner or small flame devices (alcohol, butane) have been used for this procedure. About 10-15 seconds should be sufficient for this procedure. A "Flamer" for this purpose is described below. The entire surface will reach the same color when completely clean.

Molybdenum apertures must be heated in a vacuum below 10-4 mbar. After proper vacuum is reached and current applied, a color of cherry-red is achieved. Use a tungsten boat. This will require about 20-30 seconds. Molybdenum apertures can be successfully cleaned more frequently and used again, than Platinum/Iridium.

Platinum/Iridium disc apertures can be flamed in our platinum gauze "Aperture Flamer" (#60001) for cleaning purposes.

The cleaned aperture(s) should be inspected on a clean glass slide at 30-40X. The hole should be clean and round. Misshapen apertures should be rejected.

Bils RF, 1992. Electron Microscopy Laboratory Manual and Handbook, 2nd ed, Alpha Editions, 329p.
Chapman SK, 1986. Maintaining and Monitoring the Transmission Electron Microscope, Royal Microscopy Society, Microscopy Handbooks 08, Oxford University Press.

Aperture Cleaning

aperture flamer

Platinum Gauze Aperture Flamer

Platinum Gauze cup and stem, with handle. Length 190mm; basket 8mm dia. x 9mm high.

Prod # Description Unit Price Order / Quote
60001 PELCO® Aperture Flamer each $346.00

Metal Boats for Aperture Cleaning & Evaporation

molybdenum boat

Molybdenum, Platinum and Tantalum Metal Boats

Used for aperture cleaning.

Overall: 7.9mm W x 76.2mm L (5/16" W x 3" L)
Trough: 4.8 W x 12.7mm (3/16" W x 1/2" L) x .8mm (1/32") deep
Material strip thickness: 0.05mm (0.002")

Prod # Description Unit Price Order / Quote
81 Molybdenum Boat, 3/16 x 1/2" trough pkg/5 $19.75
82 Platinum Boat, 3/16 x 1/2" trough each 149.00
83 Tantalum Boat, 3/16 x 1/2" trough pkg/5 55.00

metal boat

Molybdenum Metal Boat (long) for Strip Aperture Cleaning


Overall: 12.7mm W x 76.2mm L (1/2" W x 3" L)
Trough: 9.6mm W x 50.8mm L (3/8" W x 2" L) x 1mm (0.04") deep.
Material strip thickness: 0.05mm (0.002")

Prod # Description Unit Price Order / Quote
80-1 Molybdenum Boat, 3/8 x 2" trough pkg/5 $36.00

go to Molybdenum Foil

Note: for Applicator Sticks and other Cleaning Supplies suitable for Electron Microscopy, go to Cleaning Supplies